Amitabha Ghosh received his BE (1962) and ME (1964) degrees from Bengal Engineering College, Shibpur (Calcutta University). Subsequently he joined the Mechanical Engineering Department of this college as a Lecturer (1965), continued his doctoral research and obtained his DPhil degree (1969) from Calcutta University. He then joined IIT, Kanpur (1971) as an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering and became a Professor (1975). He was at the Technical University Aachen with Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Fellowship (1977-78). He served IIT, Kharagpur as Director (1997-2002) and subsequently returned to Kanpur where he continued till his retirement (2006). Currently he is a Senior Scientist of INSA.
Academic and Research Achievements: Professor Ghosh started his research activities at BE College, and discovered a new tribological effect when magnetic fields are imposed on ferromagnetic bodies. He also discovered the means of enhancing vibration damping through introduced stress concentration. Ghosh, along with his students, was the first to discover the phenomenon of chaos in mechanical systems and conducted the first experiments on mechanical chaos in 1978. He proposed a new theory of inertial induction, leading to a number of profound cosmological and astrophysical consequences. Besides developing some new manufacturing processes utilizing the electrochemical discharge phenomenon and some new stationary and mobile robotic systems for the DAE, Ghosh also developed an innovative regenerative brake mechanism and stable drive system for cycle rickshaws. He also invented a number of new drive systems and mechanisms. Ghosh has published over 120 research papers and written five books. He has guided a number of Masters' students in the areas of Manufacturing Science and Mechanism & Machine Dynamics and produced 18 PhDs.
Other Contributions: Dr Ghosh was the Head of Mechanical Engineering, IIT, Kanpur and also the Principal Coordinator of the Quality Improve Programme of the MHRD. He initiated the first academic programme in Robotics in India (1984). The first Centre for Robotics was set up at IIT, Kanpur with him as the founder Head. At IIT, Kharagpur he started the first Master's programme in Medical Science and Technology for MBBS doctors in India, the Centre for Theoretical Studies and the School of Information Technology. He was the Indian Coordinator for the DST-JSPS programme on Advanced Manufacturing (1998-2005). He has been coordinating a major Indo-US Centre, funded by the Indo-US Science & Technology Forum, for collaborative research in advanced and futuristic manufacturing involving IIT, Kanpur, IIT, Kharagpur, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Northwestern University and University of California, Irvine. He was the Chairman of the Research Council of Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur; Chairman of the CSIR Engineering Science Programme and is also the Chairman of the DST FIST programme for Engineering Sciences.
Awards and Honours: Professor Ghosh received the Calcutta University Gold Medal for standing first class first in the BE and ME examinations. He also received the Calcutta University A H Pandya endowment Gold Medal for standing first among all branches of engineering. He received Distinguished Teacher Award of IIT, Kanpur, National Design and Research Award as well as Engineering Personality Award by the Institution of Engineers (India), and the Lifetime Achievement Award at the International Manufacturing Design & Technology Research Conference. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (India), Indian National Academy of Engineering, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore and the National Academy of Sciences (India), Allahabad. He was also made an Honorary Life Fellow of the Association of Mechanisms and Machines.